Research & Articles

The effects of flash panorama-based virtual field trips on middle school students’ spatial visualization ability, conceptual understanding, and perceptions

The effects of flash panorama-based virtual field trips on middle school students’ spatial visualization ability, conceptual understanding, and perceptions

In this study, 17 middle school geology students participated in a real field trip that used flash panorama-based virtual field trips (VFTs) to enhance student learning. The study found that students were very positive about the use of the flash panorama-based (VFTs) during their field trip, and also that students demonstrated improvement in their spatial visualization ability, as well as their knowledge, and comprehension of the subject matter.